Artificial insemination is a method employed for treating some forms of infertility afflicting both genders. During this technique, direct insertion of sperm inside the fallopian tubes, cervical or uterine region is done which cuts short the journey normally taken by a sperm and thus by-passing any likely hindrances.
It would make conception likely where there was no apparent chance earlier. IUI or intrauterine insemination or placement of sperm into the uterus is the most prevalent kind of artificial insemination.
Although conception rate among females who undergo artificial insemination might not be as elevated as they are in case of other highly-advanced methods, yet this procedure has a key benefit being uncomplicated and with lesser side-effects.
Due to this, medical recommendation often involves using it as a preliminary type of therapy for infertility.
Infertility types treated using Artificial Insemination
Artificial insemination could be employed for several forms of infertility especially among males having depleted sperm count or sperms that are incapable of swimming all the way via the cervix and inside the fallopian tubes.
This method is additionally an option for women having endometriosis or irregularities in their reproductive system.
Females having non-receptive CM (cervical mucus) are additionally ideal entrants for this procedure. In such females, mucus which surrounds the cervix is inhospitable to sperms and would prevent the sperm entry inside the uterus and fallopian tubes.
Artificial insemination would allow the sperm in skipping the cervical mucus totally. The procedure is also advised when the cause of infertility in a couple is unclear.
Artificial Insemination – What to expect?
Ovulation testing kit, ultrasound scans or blood analysis would be employed by the physician for ensuring ovulation when the woman undergoes this procedure.
When ovulation has been identified the mate would be requested to furnish a semen sample. The male would also be advised to avoid sexual intercourse for 2-5 days prior to the procedure for ensuring a high sperm count.
In case one resides in close proximity to the hospital then the semen sample could be collected at home or optionally at the doctor’s clinic where privacy would be provided for collecting the semen sample.
The sperms must undergo process of washing in a lab within an hour post-ejaculation. Washing process is done to enhance the likelihood of fertilization and for extracting traces of chemical matter in the semen which could be causal to discomforting sensations among women.
It comprises of sperm liquefaction at room temperature for half an hour after which a non-harmful chemical for segregating the highly active sperm is then added and finally centrifugation for collecting the best sperm possible.
The sperm placement is then done via a fine tube known as a catheter that is passed via the vaginal and cervical region inside the uterus. This procedure is brief, comparatively pain-free and described as feeling similar to Pap smears.
Several females experience some cramps when the procedure is being conducted and sight blood loss after. Soon following the method, the woman would be advised to lie down flat on her back for around fifteen to forty-five minutes for offering ample time and chance to the sperm to achieve success.
In other scenarios, fertility drugs would be prescribed for inducing super-ovulation (when several eggs are ovulated) prior to undergoing artificial insemination.
Success rate of this procedure differs and there are factors that reduce likelihood of success that include:
- Females of older age.
- Pitiable quality of egg or sperm.
- Acute endometriosis or harm to fallopian tubes (generally due to acute infection).
Artificial Insemination – Other Problems
In many cases, this method would be tried on numerous occasions prior to conceiving whereas there could be some women who would never conceive with this method.
Artificial insemination could be suggested a minimal of thrice to 6 times with hormonal shots prior to attempting other costlier and more invasive therapies.